The city of Lincoln is the county town of Lincolnshire in England. It is located at approximately 141 miles north of London. It is divided into two zones namely: “uphill” at 72.8 metres and “downhill” at 20.4 metres above sea level.
The “uphill” area is located at the northern side, consisting of the historical places such as the famous Lincoln Cathedral, Lincoln Castle, and the Medieval Bishop’s Place. This area is also the residential part of the city.
The “downhill”, however, consists mostly of the city center, which makes this city unique in terms of structure and establishments. Most historical places in Europe have become a part of the city center while Lincoln’s remain outside of it. As of the mid-year of 2012, the Lincolnshire Research Observatory declares a population estimate of about 94,600 for this city.
Lincoln is a city with a lot of experiences dating as far back as the Iron Age. An excavation found round wooden dwellings from around the 1st century BC built by a deep pool. At that time, the settlement was named the place using the Brythonic language and called it Lindon which means “The Pool”. After that, the Roman era came and the Romans built a fortress in the area. The name was then translated to Latin which was Lindum Colonia. In 410 – 1066 AD, before the time of William the Conqueror, the name was shortened to Lincylene.
Construction of the first cathedral was in 1092 and it was rebuilt with a crossing tower which was the highest in all of Europe. On Medieval times, Lincylene was a site of the battle between King Stephen and Empress Mathilda, to which the latter won. It was also the home to one of the most important Jewish settlement at that time.
Lincoln was also a place for bloodshed between the Royalist and Parliamentary during the Civil War. Many years after that, it switched to war production and was the place where the first tank was invented by William Foster and Co.
As of the present, the city thrives on public administration, arable farming, commerce, and tourism. Tourist sites include the cathedral, castle, the Medieval Bishop’s Palace, and The Collections.
It is also the home for two of the higher education units such as the University of Lincoln and Bishop Grosseteste University.