Thomas Paine was born on January 29 of year 1737 at Thetford, Norfolk. He was the son of a quaker. Later in his life, he had a short and basic education.
On 1774, he met Benjamin Franklin and was advised by him to sail to America. He did so and landed in Philadelphia. From there, he became a publicist and co-editor. On 1776, he formulated his ideas about American Independence and published about it. It was influential in the decision of the independence which proceeded in July 4, 1776. He became secretary of Foreign Affairs.
Paine went back to England and became deeply involved in the French Revolution. He published a defense on the said revolution, siding with France. He went to France but was imprisoned by Robespierre.
Upon freedom, he sailed back to the United States and continued writing. He died in New York City on June 8, 1809.
Thomas Paine was an important British personage who was considered as one of the founders of America though he was not a signatory. He and his writings were the ones who awakened the people of New England to seek freedom against England.