Margaret Thatcher was born as Margaret Hilda Roberts to a local businessman in Grantham. Her family operated a grocery store and lived in an apartment above the said store.
She went to Oxford University and finished with a degree in Chemistry. She then ran as a conservative candidate for a parliamentary seat. She did not win but still she tried again and lost. She, then, married Dennis Thatcher.
She continued her studies, taking up law. She graduated and became a barrister. However, her political life did not end but rather was just starting. She was secretary of state education and science and leader of the conservative party in 1975.
In 1979, she was appointed as Britain’s first and only female prime minister. In her rule, she battled the country’s recession as well as the opposition. She was nicknamed “The Iron Lady”. She cut the social welfare programs and reduced trade union power. She also privatized certain industries, gaining the disapproval of many of the citizens.
She became unpopular and on November 28, 1990 departed from the prime minister’s official residence. After that, she became Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven. She died on April 8, 2013 at the age of 87.
She was the longest serving British prime minister of the 20th century as well as the only woman to hold office with such power.